There is no unique method to correct presbyopia at present.
The most common available surgical treatment options are:
In this case the doctor determines the dominant eye of the patient.
The nondominant eye is aimed to -1.0 myopic correction by laser and the dominant eye is fully corrected for far vision or left uncorrected if it can see far very well without correction.
It is the simplest and easiest approach to anticipate presbyopia, it is reversible and can be fully correct presbyopia on early stages and partially on advanced. In other words in advanced presbyopia the patient will need glasses only for small prints.
In this case also the surgery is performed in the non dominant eye. At first a pocket is created in the corneal stroma with a laser or a microkeratome and than an small implant is inserted inside the corneal stroma centered on the patients visual axes.
The procedure is also reversible.
Multifocal or accommodating IOLs.
In this case the surgery is performed on both eyes and is based on the removal of the crystalline lens of the patient.
Than an artificial lens is implanted inside the eye in the place of the extracted crystalline lens.
The implant can be either multifocal or accommodating.
The pros and cons of each lens are variable for that reason the selection of the appropriate lens for every patient demands careful preoperative examination.
In contrary to the previous procedures this last one is not reversible.
The patients which are corrected with implants can see close and far with both eyes without glasses.